Bond strength with APF applied after acid etching.

  • Chun Meng, Congjun Li, W. N. Wang
  • Published 1998 in American journal of orthodontics and dentofacial orthopedics : official publication of the American Association of Orthodontists, its constituent societies, and the American Board of Orthodontics


One tenet of successful orthodontic therapy is to complete treatment without decalcification, hypocalcification, or discoloration of the natural dentition. Fluoride application has been shown to reduce demineralization of enamel. The purpose of this study was to see if fluoride could be incorporated into enamel before orthodontic bracketing without adversely affecting bond strength. Forty extract adolescent human premolars were randomly divided into two equal groups with 20 teeth each. Group 1 served as control group, and group 2 (experimental) was immersed in 1.23% acidulated phosphate fluoride for 4 minutes after acid etching. The buccal surfaces of all 40 teeth were then bonded with the same type of metal bracket and debonded with an Instron machine. The debonding interface was observed with scanning electron microscopy (SEM). The mapping was calculated with energy dispersive x-ray spectrometry. The results showed that the bond strength of group 1 was significantly greater than that of group 2. The enamel detachment (enamel fracture) was found in the experimental group only. Although the application of acidulated phosphate fluoride to a tooth can prevent dental decay or decalcification, the bond strength decreases and enamel detachment is found after debonding. The result shows that the application of acidulated phosphate fluoride after acid etching enamel has an adverse effect on orthodontic bond strength of human enamel.


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